Supplement – 2017

Table of Contents

Chapter 2       National Power: Article I and the Powers and Limits of Congress

U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton (1995)………………………….. 21

Note: In re Rahrer (1891)………………………….. 35

Note: Congress and Individual Rights………………………….. 61

Note:  National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius (2012)………………………….. 103

Buckley v. Valeo (1976)………………………….. 110

Reid v. Covert………………………….. 121

Chapter 3      Limits on Federal Power: The Federal Structure, the 10th Amendment, and State Sovereign Immunity

Note: Printz v. United States (1997)………………………….. 25

Alden v. Maine (1999)………………………….. 29

Alden v. Maine: Notes………………………….. 29

Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett (2001)………………………….. 29

Tennessee v. Lane (2004)………………………….. 29

Chapter 4     Powers and Limits of the Federal Courts

Marbury v. Madison (1803)………………………….. 5

The Southern Manifesto………………………….. 29

FlastI, Hein, and Winn………………………….. 62

Warth v. Seldin (1975)………………………….. 65

Hypotheticals on justiciability………………………….. 76

Chapter 5     The Role of the President

Whitman v. American Trucking Association, Inc. (2001)………………………….. 3

War Powers Resolution………………………….. 28

Nixon v. Fitzgerald (1982)………………………….. 33

Clinton v. Jones (1997)………………………….. 33

Chapter 6     Procedural Due Process

Note: Hamdi v. Rumsfeld (2004)………………………….. 53

Boumediene v. Bush (2008)…………………………. 56

Chapter 7     Limits on State Power: Preemption, the Dormant Commerce Clause, and the Privileges and Immunities Clause of Article IV

Preemption Note Cases…………………………. 27

Granholm v. Heald (2005)…………………………. 43

Kassel v. Consolidated Freightways Corp. (1981)…………………………. 43

Hunt v. Washington State Apple Advertising Commission (1977)…………………………. 48

International concerns on state regulation of their own economies………………………… 68

Chapter 8     The Incorporation of the Bill of Rights

Timeline of Key Events Related to Incorporation………………………… 5

Common Use of the Words “Privileges and Immunities” before the Adoption of the 14th Amendment…………………………. 27

Note: the Warren Court………………………… 84

District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)………………………… 84

Chapter 9     Equal Protection

Biography of Albion Tourgee…………………………. 13

Downes v. Bidwell (1901)………………………… 19

Palmore v. Sidoti (1984)………………………… 43

Armour v. City of Indianapolis (2012)………………………… 51

New York City Transit Authority v. Beazer (1979)………………………… 51

United States v. Virginia (1996)……………………….. 79

McCleskey v. Kemp (1987)……………………….. 92

Felkner v. Jackson (2011)……………………….. 92

Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)……………………….. 109

Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action (2014)……………………….. 118

Shelby County v. Holder (2013)……………………….. 138

Crawford v. Marion County Election Board (2008)……………………….. 144

Bush v. Gore (2000)……………………….. 145

Griffin v. Illinois (1956)……………………….. 148

M.L.B. v. S.L.J. (1996)……………………….. 149

Turner v. Rogers (2011)……………………….. 149

Saenz v. Roe (1999)……………………….. 151

Chapter 10     Substantive Due Process

Timeline of Key Events Related to Substantive Due Process……………………….. 3

Weaver v. Palmer Bros. Co. (1926)………………………. 27

FDR’s Fireside Chat on the “Court Packing” Bill………………………. 31

Williamson v. Lee Optical of Oklahoma, Inc.………………………. 35

BMW of North America, Inc. v. Gore (1996) ……………………… 37

Robert Bork criticizing Griswold.…………………….. 56

The Evolution of Privacy Holdings from Griswold  (1965) to Casey (1992): The Expansion and Subsequent Contraction of Privacy as a Fundamental Right…………………….. 64

Stenberg v. Carhart (2000) ……………………… 73

Gonzales v. Carhart (2007) ……………………… 73

Justice Thomas, dissenting in Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt (2016)…………………….. 87

The Language of “Fundamental Rights” versus “Liberty Interests;” The Application of “Strict scrutiny” versus “The Undue Burden Test.”…………………….. 87

Reproductive Health and Politics..……………………. 87

Michael H. v. Gerald D. (1989)..……………………. 96

LGBTQIA+ Rights and Politics..……………………. 97

Kentucky v. Wasson (1992) ……………………… 104

Varnum v. Brien (Iowa 2009)……………………… 113

Appendix A and B to the opinion of the Court (State and Federal Judicial Decisions Addressing Same-Sex Marriage, State Legislation and Judicial Decisions Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage……………………… 122

Justice Souter’s review of substantive due process……………………… 137

The Takings Clause……………………… 137

Chapter 11     Freedom of Speech and Press

Abrams v. United States (1919)……………………… 35

Gitlow v. New York (1925) ……………………… 35

Administrative prior restraint in the public forum and the collateral bar rule ……………………… 100

American Booksellers Association, Inc. v. Hudnut (7th Cir. 1985) ……………………… 176

Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association (2011)……………………… 184

United States v. Alvarez (2012) ……………………… 184

Reno v. ACLU (1997)……………………… 186

Ashcroft v. ACLU (2002)……………………… 186

R.A.V. v. St. Paul (1992)……………………… 205

Wisconsin v. Mitchell (2002)……………………… 205

United States v. Eichman (1990)……………………… 244

Commercial Speech……………………… 244

United States v. Kokinda (1990)……………………… 248

Forum analysis……………………… 248

ISKCON v. Lee (1992)…………………….. 268

More on Limited Environments…………………….. 288

The 1st Amendment and Limits on Political Campaigns…………………….. 288

Chapter 12     Freedom of Religion

Competing Understandings of Religious Liberty…………………….. 7

Chapter 13     Governmental Actors, Private Actors, and the Scope of the 13th and 14th Amendments

Oregon v. Mitchell (1970)…………………….. 20

Tennessee v. Lane (2004)…………………….. 23

Reitman v. Mulkey (1967).……………………. 31

Private Violence and Federal Power……………………. 49